Definition of Terms
Definitions of training terms:
Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday are key workout days. Even if moving training days around, don’t do these workouts back-to-back. Always have a rest day or a cross training day between these workouts.
Each week includes one easy run/walk. This is best done on Sunday or Monday. Experienced athletes may want to add another easy run/walk day on Wednesday instead of cross training.
In order to be a stronger, more balanced athlete, cross training is included for 2 days per week. On these days do something different than run. You could take a yoga or Pilates class, swim, go for an easy bike ride, go for a walk or hike if you normally run, go paddle boarding, etc…. The goal is to do some type of exercise 6 days a week. You may want to schedule your core work for your cross training days.
Beginning week 5, add core work at least twice a week. Strengthening your core will help reduce your risk of several common running and walking injuries. Start with 1 set and gradually work up to 3 sets. Consider doing these on your cross training days.
- Push ups – 10
- Planks – 30 seconds
- Squats or Single-leg squats – 10 per side
- Fire hydrants – 15 per side
- Side leg lifts – 10 per side
- Clamshells – 15 per side
- Glute bridges – 10
- Lunges – 10 per side
- Bird dog – 10 per side
- Single leg deadlifts – 10 per side
Beginning with week 5, the Thursday run or walk should be done on a route with some moderate hills. If you only have 1 hill in your area, you could do hill repeats. If doing repeats, find a hill that is of moderate grade that takes 30-60 seconds to go up. Run/walk up the hill using good form, keeping your body upright, and driving your arms, then jog or walk back down the hill. Start with 2 repeats and add an additional repeat each week.
Beginning with week 7, add 4-6 strides following Tuesday and Thursday workouts. If doing speed play, these should be done as part of your warm up. The strides will help fire up your fast twitch muscle fibers and reinforce proper form. These are 100m accelerations (about 30 seconds – think of the straight-away portion of a track). Start at a jog and gradually increase your speed to about 95% of your max speed at the mid-point, and then slowly decrease your speed and slow to a stop. Walk or stand between strides to catch your breath (45-90 seconds). Start with 4 repeats and gradually work up to 6 repeats.
Beginning week 9, speed play is incorporated for experienced runners. These are modified-Billat vVO2 max workouts. These are done at a pace you could maintain for a mile. They are NOT all out sprinting!! A 30/30 means you run at your vVO2 pace for 30 seconds and then jog for 30 seconds. Repeat this for the number of intervals indicated on the schedule. These are done to increase your VO2 max. Always start with a 15-20 minute easy warm up and end with a 10-20 minute easy cool down.
Beginning week 14, tempo workouts are included on Thursdays. There are 3 types:
- Tempo A is 4×5:00 with a 60-second recovery
- Tempo B is 2×10:00 with a 90-second recovery
- Tempo C is 1×20:00
Always start by doing a 15-20 minute easy warm up. And finish with a 10-20 minute easy cool down. Tempo workouts should be done at 10-15 seconds per mile slower than 10K race pace or 10-15 seconds faster than marathon or half marathon pace. This pace should feel comfortably hard (about 85%). It is done at the upper end of your aerobic zone. You should be able to keep up this pace for about an hour. These workouts will make you aerobically stronger by boosting your lactate threshold and will make you mentally stronger. The last two tempo workouts should be done at goal pace (GP).